LINKS TO HLRCC RESEARCH - Skin Lumps (Cutaneous Leiomyoma and Leiomyosarcoma)
The articles referenced in the general section also contain information about cutaneous leiomyoma whereas the following articles are specific.Atlas of dermatopathology
This web site has some high definition microscope photographs showing the pathology of leiomyomas. To view them you will need to sign in with a created account (free).
2014Multiple painful nodules in a segmental distribution in a middle-aged woman
This link provides a full medical description of piloleiomyomas.Leiomyoma
This link leads into many comprehensive pages on leiomyoma description. All aspects of cutaneous piloleiomyoma are described with 2 good photos.
2011Reed's Syndrome: A Case of Multiple Cutaneous and Uterine Leiomyomas
A good description of leiomyomatosis with large photographs.
2010A Novel Missense Mutation in Fumarate Hydratase in an Italian Patient with a Diffuse Variant of Cutaneous Leiomyomatosis (Reed’s Syndrome)
The full text is now only available through subscription. It has some interesting photographs of cutaneous leiomyomas and also describes an occurrence of a benign angiomyolipoma in a kidney. Published in Dermatology.Leiomyoma cutis: A clinicopathological series of 37 cases
This has a very good description of the physiology of piloleiomyomas and has some good photographs.
2009Multiple cutaneous leiomyomas: Pain relief with pulsed hysocine butyl bromide
This article concentrates on pain relief for cutaneous leiomyoma. However there is no mention of HLRCC.Cutaneous leiomyosarcoma originating in a symplastic pilar leiomyoma: a rare occurrence and potential diagnostic pitfall
This is a link to the abstract; the full article is available on subscription. It describes a rare case of a skin lump being part leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma.Case for diagnosis: (Unilateral multiple piloleiomyoma)
This article describes the condition with 2 photographs and compares different treatment options.Extensive multiple piloleiomyoma in the submental region treated successfully by surgery and reconstruction with a submental perforator flap
This is a link to the abstract. The full article is available on subscription. This article describes the possibility of removing larger areas of piloleiomyomas with surgery.
2007Single Base Mutation in the Fumarate Hydratase Gene Leading to Segmental Cutaneous Leiomyomatosis
Earlier technical description of HLRCC in Germany, it has a good photograph of a segmental distribution of cutaneous leiomyoma.
2002Gabapentin treatment of multiple piloleiomyoma-related pain
This link is to the abstract, the full article is available on subscription. Good results from oral Gabapentin for pain relief.
2001Atypical Pilar Leiomyoma: Cutaneous Counterpart of Uterine Symplastic Leiomyoma?
This is a link to the abstract; the full article is available on subscription. This describes how some cutaneous leiomyomas may look bizarre like uterine ones. (Bizarreness seems to be a common attribute in many HLRCC tumors).